Sergiy O. Polishko


This article deal with the influence of the action of the chemical elements of the multifunctional modifier on the stabilization of the chemical composition and the increase of the level of mechanical characteristics in the wheel steels KP-2 and KP-T were considered. Also, the causes of instability of the chemical composition of wheel steel for locomotives of the class «C» considered. It established that in this metal, by introducing multifunctional modifiers in the steel melt, the stability of the chemical composition and, consequently, the level of mechanical characteristics increases. System thermodynamic investigations on the possible influence of components of special modifiers during their interaction with the melt have been carried out. The basic thermodynamic parameters of compounds which can be formed in the melt of steels at introduction of special modifiers were determined. It was established that modification contributes to the improvement of the morphology of nonmetallic inclusions in the investigated steels, which also contributes to the increase of mechanical characteristics.



chemical composition, stabilization, wheel steels, non-metallic inclusions, thermodynamic and mechanical characteristics

Full Text:



Sanin, A.F., Lychagina, T.A., Nikolayev, D.I., Tatarko, J.V., Sanin, A.F. (2015). Investigation of rail wheel steel crystallographic texture changes due to modification and thermomechanical treatment. IOP Publishing Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 1–6. 82. 0.1088/1757-899X/82/1/012107

Polishko, S.O. (2015). [Complex influence of harmful impurities (S, P, As) and basic alloying elements on the mechanical properties of steel St1kp]. Systemne proektuvannja ta analiz kharakterystyk aerokosmichnoji tekhniky, 1(18), 78–83 (in Ukrainian).

Polishko, S. A. (2017). [Effect of modification on the formation of nonmetallic inclusions in KP-T wheel steel ТМ]. Tekhnycheskaja mekhanyka, 4, 111–114. 10.15587/2312-8372.2019.157676

Smirnov, L.A. Rovnushkin VA, Oryshchenko AS, Kalinin G. Yu., Milyutz V. G. (2016). [Modification of steel and alloys by rare earth elements]. Metalurg, 1, 41–48 (in Russian).

Manko, T.A., Gusarova I.A. (2017) [Integration of elements of the outer three-layer panel of the heat-shielding design of reusable space vehicles]. Avtomatycheskaja svarka, 3, 76-81.

Kalinina, NE, Nosova, T.V., Grekova, M.V., Guchenkov, M.V. (2017). [Influence of shpatovih materials on the grinding of the structure of aluminum by dispersed compositions]. Vestnyk dvyghatelestroenyja, (2), 116–122 (in Russian).

Kalinina, N.E., Nosova, T.V., Davidyuk, A.V, Yushkevich, O.P. (2016). [Influence of microalloying and modifying on structural hardening and properties of alloys]. Systemne proektuvannja ta analiz kharakterystyk aerokosmichnoji tekhniky, 22, 79–84 (in Russian).

Nosova, T.V., Kalinin, A.V. (2017). [Preparation of nanodispersed modifiers by plasma-chemical synthesis]. Vestnyk dvyghatelestroenyja, 1, 63–37 (in Russian).

Kalinina, N.E., Nosova, Т.V. Grekova, M.V., Kashenkova, A.V. (2017). [Resource-saving technology of manufacturing of balloons from titanium alloys]. Vestnyk dvyghatelestroenyja, З(1), 43–47.

Dzhur, Y., Kalinina, N., Grekova, M., Guchenkov, M. (2017). Investigation of the influence of nanodispersed compositions obtained by plasmochemical synthesis on the crystallization processes of structural alloys. Eureka: physics and engineering, 6, 63–68.

Dzhur, Y., Kalinin, A., Grekova, M., Guchenkov, M. (2017). [Investigation of the influence of nanodispersed compositions obtained by plasmochemical synthesis on the crystallization processes of structural alloys]. Eureka: physics and engineering, 6, 56–61. 10.21303/2461-4262.2017.00500

Sanin, A. Lednyansky, A., Prikhodko, M. (2015). [Studies on the development of a method for producing aluminum alloy powders for the production of billets with high structural properties]. Systemne proektuvannja ta analiz kharakterystyk aerokosmichnoji tekhniky, 17, 69–74 (in Russian). 10.21303/2461-4262.2017.00500

Sanin, A., Bechke, K., Tulegulov K. (2015). [Formation of a cellular substructure in a dispersion-reinforced aluminum alloy]. Khabarshy-Vestnyk Evrazyjskogho nacyonaljnogho unyversyteta ym. L.N. Ghumyleva, 1(6), 73–81 (in Russian).

Sanin, A. Bobylev V., Domoratsky, V. (2015). [Basis of metallurgical production of the end cutting tool]. Teoryja y praktyka metallurghyy, (2), 95–98 (in Russian).

Sanin, A., Bondarenko, O., Bunchuk, Y., Prikhod'ko, M. (2015). [Production of precision hull details of rocket weapons from aluminum alloys], Zbirnik naukovyh prac Kharkivskogo University unexplored forces, 1 (8), 115–120 (in Russian).

Dzhur, O. (2015). [Directions of perfection of pidermont structures in the space domain]. EKONOMIKA: realy hour, 6, 62–70 (in Ukrainian).

Shapovalova, O., Shapovalov, V., Shapovalov, O., Polishko, S. (2011). Ukraine Patent № 93684. Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine. Oles Honchar Dnipropetrovsk National University.

Polishko, S.O. (2016) [Influence of the modification on the distribution of alloying elements in the micro-volumes of a non-carbon steel ST1kp]. Visn. Dnipr. nac. Univer. im. Olesja Ghonchara. Serija Raketno-kosmichna tekhnika, 1(16), 115–119 (in Russian).

Polishko, S.O. (2016) [Influence of modifying elements on the properties of the KP-T wheel steel]. Systemne proektuvannja ta analiz kharakterystyk aerokosmichnoji tekhniky. 20, 49–54 (in Ukrainian).

Polishko, S.O. (2016) [Influence of modification by multifunctional modifiers on the structure and properties of wheel steels]. Pervyy nezavisimyy nauchnyy vestnik, (6), 87–96 (in Ukrainian).

Bechke, K, Sanin, A., Shandryga, M. (2015). [Determination of spray parameters providing the maximum rate of cooling of particles of aluminum alloy powder] Sovremennoye materialovedeniye: opyt, problemy i perspektivy razvitiya, 81–83 (in Russian).

Dzhur, O.E. (2015). [State regulation by enterprises of the space industry of Ukraine: new realities and challenges]. Efektyvna ekonomika, 1, 35–42 (in Ukrainian).

Prikhodko, M., Lednyansky, A., Sanin, A. (2016) [Problems of durability and heat resistance of aluminum alloys for transport machine building]. Vestnik Yevraziyskogo natsional'nogo universiteta im. L.N. Gumileva, 2, 301–307 (in Russian).

Dzhur, O.E. (2016) [Hierarchy of Strategic Intent in Managing the Competitiveness of the Space Industry Enterprise]. Efektyvna ekonomika, 11, 125–132 (in Ukrainian).

Kulik, A, Moskalev, S., Sanin, A. (2016) [Kindly Design of Dimensional Shell Structures from Composite Materials]. Mekhanika giroskopicheskikh sistem, 31, 115–120 (in Russian).

Kalinina, N.E., Yushkevich, A., Kalinin, V., Grekov A. (2017) [Rationale for microalloying scandium and modification of high aluminum alloys]. Stroitel'stvo, materialovedeniye, mashinostroyeniye, 95, 93–99 (in Ukrainian).

Polishko, S.A. (2017) [Effect on modyfytsyrovanyya stabilization of chemical composition and mechanical properties urovnja Increase kolesnoy steel grade KP-2]. Systemne proektuvannja ta analiz kharakterystyk aerokosmichnoji tekhniky, 22, 25–32 (in Russian).

Polishko, S.A. (2017) [Stabilization of the chemical composition during the smelting of the wheel of the class "C"]. Visn. Dnipr. nac. univer. im. Olesja Ghonchara. Serija Raketno-kosmichna tekhnika, 1, 62–68 (in Russian).

Polishko, S.A. (2017) [The Influence of the Chemical Composition of R7 Wheel Rolled on Mechanical Properties in Couple and Group Correlation]. Systemne proektuvannja ta analiz kharakterystyk aerokosmichnoji tekhniky, 24, 56–61 (in Russian).

Polishko S.O. (2015) [Influence of modification on the structure and distribution of the main alloying elements in the microcosm of the low-carbon steel St1kp]. Metalloznavstvo ta termichna obrobka metaliv, 68(1), 52–59 (in Russian).

Polishko, S.O. (2015) [Nonmetallic inclusions in low-carbon steels]. Systemne proektuvannja ta analiz kharakterystyk aerokosmichnoji tekhniky, 19, 153–158 (in Russian).

Comments on this article

View all comments

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Journal of Chemistry and Technologies
eISSN: 2663-2942 | pISSN: 2663-2934
Address of
The journal publishes scientific works on conditions: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
Founder: Oles Honchar Dnipro National University