THE SYNTHESIS AND PHOTOCATALYTIC PROPERTIES OF THE COBALT-BASED COMPOSITES WITH REFRACTORY METALS

Authors

  • Tatiana O. Nenastina Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University
  • Marina V. Ved’ National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute"
  • Mykola D. Sakhnenko National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute"
  • Valeria O. Proskurina National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute"
  • Vita V. Dacenko Kharkiv National Automobile and Highway University
  • Inna O. Lavrova National Technical University "Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute"

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.15421/082028

Keywords:

composite coatings, electrochemical deposition, cobalt, refractory metals, photocatalytic properties.

Abstract

The possibility of electrosynthesis and control of the surface composition and morphology of the electrolytic cobalt coatings with refractory metals by varying the parameters of electrolysis has been proved. It was found that oxygen and carbon are included in the composition of the coatings as well as the main components, thus such systems can be considered as composite. The coatings deposited by pulsed current can be considered as composite materials the oxide phase for which is formed directly in the electrode process as an intermediate of incomplete reduction of tungstates and hydrolysis of zirconium (IV) salts. The topography of the films is distinguished by the presence of elliptical and spherical grains with crystallite sizes of 80 - 180 nm. On the surface of the coatings, there are hills (large grains) with a diameter of 1 - 3 μm. The fractal dimension of the surface is 2.77, which indicates the 3D mechanism of crystal growth during the formation of coatings. In terms of phase composition, composites are predominantly amorphous materials that contain nanocrystalline cobalt and the intermetallic compound Co3W and Zr3Co. The study of the morphology and topography of the composite coatings surface, as well as its quantitative and phase composition, indicates the possibility of photocatalytic activity of the Co-Mo-WOх, Co-Mo-ZrO2 and Co-W-ZrO2 coatings. Investigation of the photodegradation of the azo dye methyl orange found that the efficiency of MO removal from the solution was 24%, 18%, and 10% for 30 min of ultraviolet irradiation in the presence of Co-Mo-WOх, Co-Mo-ZrO2 and Co-W-ZrO2 on composite coatings, respectively. The higher photoactivity of Co-Mo-WOx composite coatings can be explained by the presence of non-stoichiometric molybdenum and tungsten oxides.

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Published

2021-01-10