The electrolysis of NaCl solutions in flow systems was investigated. It has been shown that in order to minimize the conversion of hypochlorite to chlorate at the anode and the reduction of hypochlorite ions at the cathode, one should perform electrolysis at a minimum stirring rate of the solution relative to the electrodes. Removal of the membrane from the cell leads to only a slight decrease in the current efficiency of sodium hypochlorite in the range of 1-3% and a slight increase in the pH of the solution, which has a positive effect on its stability. Current efficiency of chlorates do not change. A positive effect is the reduction of cell voltage, which improves the energy efficiency of sodium hypochlorite synthesis. With a current load of 2 A and the use of two flow cells at a volumetric flow rate of 8.7 L h-1, one can sinthesize a high-purity solution of sodium hypochlorite containing 500 mg L-1 NaClO and 0.6 mg L-1 NaClO3. The current efficiency of hypochlorite and sodium chlorate is 78 and 0.2%, respectively. Electrochemical reactor with three flow cells with a capacity of 9.2 L h-1 at a current load of 3 A allows one to continuously produce a solution containing 1000 mg L-1 NaClO and not more than 6 mg L-1 NaClO3. Created prototypes of electrolyzers have successfully passed the stages of laboratory and experimental tests.

Author Biographies

Dmitry D. Girenko, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology

Physical Chemistry Department, Professor

Alexander В. Velichenko, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology

Head of Physical Chemistry Department

Olesia B. Shmychkova, Ukrainian State University of Chemical Technology

Associate Professor of Physical Chemistry Department