REMOVAL OF FERRUM(III) AND ZINC FROM AQUEOUS ENVIRONMENTS BY CHEMICALLY ACTIVATED SORBENTS FROM NATURAL RAW MATERIALS
Keywords:zeolite, walnut shell, lignocellulosic sorbent, chemical activation, mineral acids, heavy metals, ferrum (III), zinc
The process of purifying model solutions from heavy metal iron(III) and zinc ions with sorbents of natural origin from secondary raw materials was studied. In the work, a number of experiments on the activation of natural sorbents were carried out. To activate zeolite, mineral acids HNO3, HCl, and H3PO4 were used, and lignocellulosic sorbent from walnut shells was activated with HNO3 and treated with an acid-salt solution containing 20 % H3PO4, 40 % CO(NH2)2, and 40 % H2O. The activation of the sorbents was carried out by technological operations of impregnation, washing with distilled water to pH = 7–8, and drying at a temperature of 130 °C. The finished sorbents were tested for effectiveness by extracting heavy metal Fe(III) and Zn from water systems. Comparative characteristics of cellulose-containing sorbent with mineral zeolite are given. It was established that the use of chemically activated lignocellulosic sorbent is more effective for the extraction of heavy metals in comparison with acid-activated zeolite. The optimal duration of of the lignocellulosic sorbent with the adsorb ate is 3 hours, while the cleaning efficiency for Fe(III) is 82.5 %, and Zn is 84.65 %. The optimal dose of lignocellulosic sorbent was established, which was 1 g/dm3. A mathematical description of the kinetics of the iron (III) sorption process on a lignocellulosic sorbent in the 283 – 293 K temperature range was performed. It was established that the process of extracting heavy metals takes place in the diffusion region, the activation energy for Fe(III) is 41.22 kJ/mol, Zn – 34.36 kJ/mol. The advantages of the lignocellulosic sorbent are characterized by its cheapness, selectivity, cation exchange properties for removing heavy metals, and its use in the sorption purification of water systems at industrial enterprises given.
Ghrynjova, Ja. i Kryshtop, Je. (2021). [Problems of environmental pollution with heavy metals and ways to overcome them]. Nature management engineering, 1(19), 111–119. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.6904034. (in Ukrainian).
Vasenko, O. Gh. (1999). [The influence of the food industry enterprise on the ecological state of the river basin Ukrainian Institute of Environmental Problems], Kharkiv. (in Ukrainian).
Khokhotva, O.P. (2019) [Scientific basis of development of modified sorbents of inorganic and organic pollutants in water treatment processes]. (Doctoral dissertation). (in Ukrainian).
Ivanchenko, A., Khavikova, K., Yelatontsev, D., Panasenko, V. (2021). Research of coke wastewater treatment process with glauconite clay. Journal of Chemistry and Technologies, 29(4), 353–362. doi: 10.15421/jchemtech.v29i4.238046
Ivanchenko, A., Khavikova, K., Trukilo, A. (2020) Mathematical modeling of the processes of wastewater purification from phenols and rhodanides using glauconite. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 4, 111–116. https://doi.org/10.33271/nvngu/2020-4/111
Setianto, W.B., Yoshikawa, S., Smith, Jr. R. L., Inomata, H., Florusse L.J, Peters C.J. (2009). Pressure profile separation of phenol c liquid compounds from cashew (Anacardium occidentale) shell with supercritical carbon dioxide and aspects of its phase equilibria Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 48, 203–210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.supflu.2008.11.018
Qian, L., Lang, L., Rui, X., Zhenguo, W., Zhe, Y., Yuqi, H., Yan, Zh., Yongbin, Y., Tao, J. (2023). In situ preparation of a multifunctional adsorbent by optimizing the Fe2+/Fe3+/Mn2+/HA ratio for simultaneous and efficient removal of Cd(II), Pb(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), As(III), Sb(III), As(V) and Sb(V) from aqueous environment: Behaviors and mechanisms. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 44415, 130389. 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2022.130389
Hrachovcova, K. (2020). Modified alkali activated zeolite foams with improved textural and mechanical properties. Minerals, 10(5), 483–490.
Ivanchenko, A.V., Soroka, O.V., Yelatoncev, D.O., Tkachenko, E.E., Chuprynov, Je.V., Jacen, T.Gh., Revak, O.A. (2021). Doslidzhennja tekhnologhiji vyluchennja cynku ta ferumu iz vodnykh seredovyshh sorbentamy na osnovi pryrodnoji syrovyny. Vcheni zapysky TNU imeni V.I. Vernadsjkogho. (tekhnichni nauky), 32(71), 6, 167–171. https://doi.org/10.32838/2663-5941/2021.6/27
Ivanchenko, A.V., Karlash, V. I., Yelatoncev, D.O., Daneljsjka, A.S. (2018). [Application of acid-activated zeolite in the technology of wastewater treatment from nitrates]. Visnyk Vinnycjkogho politekhnichnogho instytutu, 5, 1–6. (in Ukrainian). https://doi.org/10.31649/1997-9266-2018-140-5-13-17
Alnasrawi, F. A. Mohammed, A. A., Al-Musawi, Tariq, J. (2023). Synthesis, characterization and adsorptive performance of CuMgAl-layered double hydroxides/montmorillonite nanocomposite for the removal of Zn(II) ions. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management, 19, 100771. doi 10.1016/j.enmm.2022.
Yelatoncev, D. O., Mukhachev, A.P., Suprunchuk, V. I. (2019). Lignocellulosic sorbent from walnut shell. Scientific bulletin of NLTU of Ukraine, 29, 110–115. https://doi.org/10.15421/40290124
National report on the state of the environment in Ukraine in 2021 (2021). Kyiv: Ministry of environment protection and natural resources ukraine. https://mepr.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2023/01/Natsdopovid-2021-n.pdf
Halysh, V., Pasalskyi, B., Sevastianova, O. (2017). Highly effective sorbents from products after processing agriculture raw materials. Tovary i rynky, 1, 80–89.
Tagutchou, J.-P., Naquin, P. (2012) Caractérisation ettraitement thermochimique descoques d'anacarde en vue de leur valorization énergétique dans les procédés de transformation artisanale de noix de cajou Déchets Sciences et Techniques, 2012(62), 28–35 doi:10.4267/dechets-sciences-techniques.2722
Kovalchuk, A., Pochechun, T., Halysh, V., Trus, I. (2018). Phosphorylation of walnut shells to increase the efficiency of cleaning aqueous solutions. Technical sciences and technologies, 2, 236–244. https://doi.org/10.25140/2411-5363-2018-2(12)-236-244
Pavlenko, V.V. (2014) [Synthesis and application of multifunctional carbon nanostructured materials based on plant fiber]. (Doctoral dissertation). (in Ukrainian).
Matijuk, S. M., Ghrubinko, V. V. (2019). Use of natural and absorbent substances for the purification of natural and wastewater. Scientific Issue Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University. 4(78), 69–85. doi:10.25128/2078-2322.214.171.124 (in Ukrainian).
Ivanchenko, A., Sokol, O., Jelatoncev, D., Ljapka, K., Revak, O. (2021). [The use of acid-activated zeolite in the technology of wastewater treatment from dyes]. Technical sciences and technologies, 4(26), 106–112. doi: 10.25140/2411-5363-2021-4(26)-106-112
Alnasrawi, F. A., Mohammed, A. A., Al-Musawi, T. J. (2023). Synthesis, characterization and adsorptive performance of CuMgAl-layered double hydroxides/montmorillonite nanocomposite for the removal of Zn(II) ions. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring and Management, 19, 100771. doi 10.1016/j.enmm.2022.
Dolyna, L.F. (2008). [Modern equipment and technologies for wastewater treatment from heavy metal salts]. Dnipropetrovsk: Continent.
Copyright (c) 2023 Oles Honchar Dnipro National University
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Authors reserve the right of attribution for the submitted manuscript, while transferring to the Journal the right to publish the article under the Creative Commons Attribution License. This license allows free distribution of the published work under the condition of proper attribution of the original authors and the initial publication source (i.e. the Journal)
- Authors have the right to enter into separate agreements for additional non-exclusive distribution of the work in the form it was published in the Journal (such as publishing the article on the institutional website or as a part of a monograph), provided the original publication in this Journal is properly referenced
- The Journal allows and encourages online publication of the manuscripts (such as on personal web pages), even when such a manuscript is still under editorial consideration, since it allows for a productive scientific discussion and better citation dynamics (see The Effect of Open Access).