СPHASE EQUILIBRIA IN THE La2O3- Lu2O3- Er2O3 SYSTEM AT 1500 AND 1600 °С
Keywords:фазові рівноваги, лантан, лютецій, ербій, параметри ґратки
The phase relations in the La2O3–Lu2O3–Er2O3 ternary system at 1500 and 1600 °C were studied in the whole concentration range by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Oxides of La, Lu, and Er (99.99 %) were used as starting substances. The samples were prepared with a concentration step of 1-5 mol. %. The oxides were dissolved in HNO3 (1:1) followed by evaporation of the solutions and decomposition of nitrates at 800 °C for 2 hours. The samples were heat treated at 1500 °C (for 70 h), and 1600 °C (for 10 h) in air. The phase composition of the test samples studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD, DRON-3), microstructural phase and electron microprobe X-ray (Superprobe-733, JEOL, Japan, Palo Alto, CA) analyses. Solid solutions based on various polymorphic forms of original oxides and ordered LaLuO3 (LaErO3) phases were detected in the system. No new phases were found in the system. The isothermal cross-sections of the La2O3–Lu2O3–Er2O3 phase diagram at 1500 and 1600 °C are characterized by the presence of three single-phase (A-La2O3, R, C-Lu2O3 (Er2O3)) and two two-phase (C+ R, A + R) regions. The system forms continuous series of solid solutions based on the cubic modification of C-Lu2O3(Er2O3) and the ordered perovskite-type phase (R-phase). Solubility limits are determined and concentration dependences of periods also lattice parameters of the unit cell of phases formed in the system are constructed. The range of homogeneity of solid solutions based on the R-phase extends from 46 to 54 mol % La2O3 at 1500 °C and from ~48 to 54 mol % La2O3 at 1600 °C. Lutetium and erbium oxides form an continuous series of C-REE oxide solid solutions.
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